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AMENDMENTS

THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT) ACTS

No.

Amendments

Enforced since

Objectives

1

Amendment of articles 15, 19, 85, 87, 174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376. Insert articles 31A and 31B. Insert schedule 9.

18 June 1951

To fully secure the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws and to place reasonable restriction on freedom of speech. A new constitutional device, called Schedule 9 introduced to protect laws that are contrary to the Constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights. These laws encroach upon property rights, freedom of speech and equality before law

2

Amendment of article 81.

1 May 1953

A technical amendment to fix the size of each parliamentary constituency between 650,000 and 850,000 voters.

3

Amendment of  schedule 7.

22 February 1955

Limits maximum no of seats in lok sabha up to 500.States would be divided into constituencies such that one member of a constituency will represent not less than every 750000 people but not more than every 500000 people.

4

Amendment of  articles 31, 31A and 305.
Amendment of  schedule 9.

27 April 1955

Restrictions on property rights and inclusion of related bills in Schedule 9 of the constitution

5

Amendment of  article 3.

24 December 1955

Provide for a consultation mechanism with concerned states in matters relating to the amendments to the territorial matters and in the re-naming of the state

6

Amendment of  articles 269 and 286.
Amendment of  schedule 7.

11 September 1956

Amend the Union and State Lists with respect to raising of taxes

7

Amendment of articles 1, 49, 80, 81, 82, 131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.
Insert articles 258A, 290A, 298, 350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
Amendment of   part 8.
Amendment of   schedules 1, 2, 4 and 7.

1 November 1956

Reorganization of states on linguistic lines, abolition of Class A, B, C, D states and introduction of Union Territories

8

Amendment of   article 334.

5 January 1960

Clarify state's power of compulsory acquisition and requisitioning of private property and include Zamindari abolishion laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution

9

Amendment of   schedule 1.

28 December 1960

Minor adjustments to territory of Indian Union consequent to agreement with Pakistan for settlement of disputes by demarcation of border villages, etc.

10

Amendment of   article 240.
Amendment of   schedule 1.

11 August 1961

Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as a Union Territory, consequent to acquisition from Portugal

11

Amendment of   articles 66 and 71.

19 December 1961

Election of Vice President by Electoral College consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, instead of election by a Joint Sitting of Parliament. Indemnify the President and Vice President Election procedure from challenge on grounds of existence of any vacancies in the electoral college

12

Amendment of   article 240.
Amendment of   schedule 1.

20 December 1961

Incorporation of Goa, Daman and Diu as a Union Territory, consequent to acquisition from Portugal

13

Amendment of   part 21.

1 December 1963

Formation of State of Nagaland, with special protection under Article 371A

14

Amendment of   articles 81 and 240.
Insert article 239A.
Amendment of   schedules 1 and 4.

28 December 1962

Incorporation of Pondicherry into the Union of India and creation of Legislative Assemblies for Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur and Goa

15

Amendment of   articles 124, 128, 217, 222, 224, 226, 297, 311 and 316. Insert article 224A.
Amendment of schedule 7.

5 October 1963

Raise retirement age of judges from 60 to 62 and other minor Amendment  for rationalizing interpretation of rules regarding judges etc.

16

Amendment of articles 19, 84 and 173. Amendment of schedule 3.

5 October 1963

Make it obligatory for seekers of public office to swear their allegiance to the Indian Republic and prescribe the various obligatory templates

17

Amendment of  article 31A.
Amendment of  schedule 9.

20 June 1964

To secure the constitutional validity of acquisition of Estates and place land acquisition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution

18

Amendment of  article 3.

27 August 1966

Technical Amendment  to include Union Territories in Article 3 and hence permit reorganization of Union Territories

19

Amendment of  article 324.

11 December 1966

Abolish Election Tribunals and enable trial of election petitions by regular High Courts

20

Insert article 233A.

22 December 1966

Indemnify & validate judgments, decrees, orders and sentences passed by judges and to validate the appointment, posting, promotion and transfer of judges barring a few who were not eligible for appointment under article 233. Amendment needed to overcome the effect of judgment invalidating appointments of certain judges in the state of Uttar Pradesh

21

Amendment of  schedule 8.

10 April 1967

Include Sindhi as a National Language

22

Amendment of  article 275.
Insert articles 244A and 371B.

25 September 1969

Provision to form Autonomous states within the State of Assam

23

Amendment of  articles 330, 332, 333 and 334.

23 January 1970

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1980

24

Amendment of  articles 13 and 368.

5 November 1971

Enable parliament to dilute fundamental rights through Amendment to the constitution

25

Amendment of  article 31.
Insert article 31C.

20 April 1972

Restrict property rights and compensation in case the state takes over private property

26

Amendment of  article 366.
Insert article 363A.
Remove articles 291 and 362.

28 December 1971

Abolition of privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states which were incorporated into the Indian Republic

27

Amendment of  articles 239A and 240.
Insert articles 239B and 371C.

15 February 1972

Reorganization of Mizoram into a Union Territory with a legislature and council of ministers

28

Insert article 312A.
Remove article 314.

29 August 1972

Rationalize Civil Service rules to make it uniform across those appointed prior to Independence and post independence

29

Amendment of  schedule 9.

9 June 1972

Place land reform acts and Amendment to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

30

Amendment of  article 133.

27 February 1973

Change the basis for appeals in Supreme Court of India in case of Civil Suits from value criteria to one involving substantial question of law

31

Amendment of  articles 81, 330 and 332.

17 October 1973

Increase size of Parliament from 525 to 545 seats. Increased seats going to the new states formed in North East India and minor adjustment consequent to 1971 Delimitation exercise

32

Amendment of  article 371.
Insert articles 371D and 371E.
Amendment of  schedule 7.

1 July 1974

Protection of regional rights in Telengana and Andhra regions of State of Andhra Pradesh

33

Amendment of  articles 101 and 190.

19 May 1974

Prescribes procedure for resignation by members of parliament and state legislatures and the procedure for verification and acceptance of resignation by house speaker

34

Amendment of  schedule 9.

7 September 1974

Place land reform acts and Amendment of ments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

35

Amendment of  articles 80 and 81.
Insert article 2A.
Insert schedule 10.

1 March 1975

Terms and Conditions for the Incorporation of Sikkim into the Union of India

36

Amendment of  articles 80 and 81.
Insert article 371F.
Remove article 2A.
Amendment of  schedules 1 and 4.
Remove schedule 10.

26 April 1975

Formation of Sikkim as a State within the Indian Union

37

Amendment of  articles 239A and 240.

3 May 1975

Formation of Arunachal Pradesh legislative assembly

38

Amendment of  articles 123, 213, 239B, 352, 356, 359 and 360.

1 August 1975

Enhances the powers of President and Governors to pass ordinances

39

Amendment of  articles 71 and 329.
Insert article 329A.
Amendment of  schedule 9.

10 August 1975

Amendment of ment designed to negate the judgement of Allahabad High Court invalidating Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's election to parliament. Amendment of ment placed restrictions on judicial scrutiny of post of Prime Minister

40

Amendment of  article 297.
Amendment of  schedule 9.

27 May 1976

Enable Parliament to make laws with respect to Exclusive Economic Zone and vest the mineral wealth with Union of India

Place land reform & other acts and Amendment of ments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

41

Amendment of  article 316.

7 September 1976

Raise Retirement Age Limit of Chairmen and Members of Union and State Public Commissions from sixty to sixty two.

42

Amendment of  articles 31, 31C, 39, 55, 74, 77, 81, 82, 83, 100, 102, 103, 105, 118, 145, 150, 166, 170, 172, 189, 191, 192, 194, 208, 217, 225, 226, 227, 228, 311, 312, 330, 352, 353, 356, 357, 358, 359, 366, 368 and 371F.
Insert articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A, 228A and 257A.
Insert parts 4A and 14A.
Amendment of  schedule 7.

1 April 1977

Amendment passed during internal emergency by Indira Gandhi. Provides for curtailment of fundamental rights, imposes fundamental duties and changes to the basic structure of the constitution by making India a "Socialist Secular" Republic

43

Amendment of  articles 145, 226, 228 and 366.
Remove articles 31D, 32A, 131A, 144A, 226A and 228A.

13 April 1978

Amendment of ment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Repeals some of the more 'Anti-Freedom' Amendment of ments enacted through Amendment of ment Bill 42

44

Amendment of  articles 19, 22, 30, 31A, 31C, 38, 71, 74, 77, 83, 103, 105, 123, 132, 133, 134, 139A, 150, 166, 172, 192, 194, 213, 217, 225, 226, 227, 239B, 329, 352, 356, 358, 359, 360 and 371F.
Insert articles 134A and 361A.
Remove articles 31, 257A and 329A.
Amendment of  part 12.
Amendment of  schedule 9.

6 September 1979

Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Provides for human rights safeguards and mechanisms to prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority. Annuls some Amendment enacted in Amendment Bill 42

45

Amendment of  article 334.

25 January 1980

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1990

46

Amendment of  articles 269, 286 and 366.
Amendment of  schedule 7.

2 February 1983

Amendment to negate judicial pronouncements on scope and applicability on Sales Tax

47

Amendment of  schedule 9.

26 August 1984

Place land reform acts and Amendment to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

48

Amendment of  article 356.

1 April 1985

Article 356 Amendment to permit President's rule up to two years in the state of Punjab

49

Amendment of  article 244.
Amendment of  schedules 5 and 6.

11 September 1984

Recognize Tripura as a Tribal State and enable the creation of a Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council

50

Amendment of  article 33.

11 September 1984

Technical Amendment   to curtailment of Fundamental Rights as per Part III as prescribed in Article 33 to cover Security Personnel protecting property and communication infrastructure

51

Amendment of  articles 330 and 332.

16 June 1986

Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies

52

Amendment of  articles 101, 102, 190 and 191.
Insert schedule 10.

1 March 1985

Anti Defection Law - Provide disqualification of members from parliament and assembly in case of defection from one party to other

53

Insert article 371G.

20 February 1987

Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram.

54

Amendment of  articles 125 and 221.
Amendment of  schedule 2.

1 April 1986

Increase the salary of Chief Justice of India & other Judges and to provide for determining future increases without the need for constitutional Amendment of ment

55

Insert article 371H.

20 February 1987

Special powers to Governor consequent to formation of state of Arunachal Pradesh

56

Insert article 371I.

30 May 1987

Transition provision to enable formation of state of Goa

57

Amendment of  article 332.

21 September 1987

Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies

58

Insert article 394A.
Amendment of  part 22.

9 December 1987

Provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of constitution as on date and provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of future Amendments.

59

Amendment of  article 356.
Insert article 359A.

30 March 1988

Article 356 Amended to permit President's rule up to three years in the state of Punjab, Articles 352 and Article 359A Amended to permit imposing emergency in state of Punjab or in specific districts of the state of Punjab

60

Amendment of  article 276.

20 December 1988

Profession Tax increased from a maximum of Rs. 250/- to a maximum of Rs. 2500/-

61

Amendment of  article 326.

28 March 1989

Reduce age for voting rights from 21 to 18

62

Amendment of  article 334.

20 December 1989

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2000

63

Amendment of article 356.
Remove article 359A.

6 January 1990

Emergency powers applicable to State of Punjab, accorded in Article 359A as per Amendment 59 repealed

64

Amendment of article 356.

16 April 1990

Article 356 Amended to permit President's rule up to three years and six months in the state of Punjab

65

Amendment of article 338.

12 March 1992

National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes formed and its statutory powers specified in The Constitution.

66

Amendment of schedule 9.

7 June 1990

Place land reform acts and Amendment to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

67

Amendment of article 356.

4 October 1990

Article 356 Amended to permit President's rule up to four years in the state of Punjab

68

Amendment of  article 356.

12 March 1991

Article 356 Amended to permit President's rule up to five years in the state of Punjab

69

Insert articles 239AA and 239AB.

1 February 1992

To provide for a legislative assembly and council of ministers for Federal National Capital of Delhi. Delhi continues to be a Union Territory

70

Amendment of articles 54 and 239AA.

21 December 1991

Include National Capital of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry in electoral college for Presidential Election

71

Amendment of schedule 8.

31 August 1992

Include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali as National Languages

72

Amendment of  article 332.

5 December 1992

Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Tripura State Legislative Assembly

73

Insert part 9.

24 April 1993

Statutory provisions for Panchyat Raj as third level of administration in villages

74

Insert part 9A.

1 June 1993

Statutory provisions for Local Administrative bodies as third level of administration in urban areas such as towns and cities

75

Amendment of article 323B.

15 May 1994

Provisions for setting up Rent Control Tribunals

76

Amendment of schedule 9.

31 August 1994

Enable continuance of 69% reservation in Tamil Nadu by including the relevant Tamil Nadu Act under 9th Schedule of the constitution

77

Amendment of  article 16.

17 June 1995

A technical Amendment of ment to protect reservation to SC/ST Employees in promotions

78

Amendment of  schedule 9.

30 August 1995

Place land reform acts and Amendment to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution

79

Amendment of  article 334.

25 January 2000

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2010

80

Amendment of  articles 269 and 270.
Remove article 272.

9 June 2000

Implement Tenth Finance Commission recommendation to simplify the tax structures by pooling and sharing all taxes between states and The Centre

81

Amendment of  article 16.

9 June 2000

Protect SC / ST reservation in filling backlog of vacancies

82

Amendment of  article 335.

8 September 2000

Permit relaxation of qualifying marks and other criteria in reservation in promotion for SC / ST candidates

83

Amendment of  article 243M.

8 September 2000

Exempt Arunachal Pradesh from reservation for Scheduled Castes in Panchayati Raj institutions

84

Amendment of  articles 55, 81, 82, 170, 330 and 332.

21 February 2002

Extend the usage of 1971 national census population figures for statewise distribution of parliamentary seats

85

Amendment of  article 16.

4 January 2002

A technical Amendment  to protect seniority in case of promotions of SC/ST Employees

86

Amendment of  articles 45 and 51A.
Insert article 21A.

12 December 2002

Provides Right to Education until the age of fourteen and Early childhood care until the age of six

87

Amendment of  articles 81, 82, 170 and 330.

22 June 2003

Extend the usage of 1971 national census population figures for state wise distribution of parliamentary seats

88

Amendment of  article 270.
Insert article 268A.
Amendment of  schedule 7.

15 January 2004

To extend statutory cover for levy and utilization of Service Tax

89

Amendment of  article 338.
Insert article 338A.

28 September 2003

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was bifurcated into The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

90

Amendment of  article 332.

28 September 2003

Reservation in Assam Assembly relating to Bodoland Territory Area

91

Amendment of  articles 75 and 164.
Insert article 361B.
Amendment of  schedule 10.

1 January 2004

Restrict the size of council of ministers to 15 % of legislative members & to strengthen Anti Defection laws

92

Amendment of  article 270.
Insert article 268A.
Amendment of  schedules 7 and 8.

7 January 2004

Enable Levy of Service Tax & Include Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Maithali as National Languages

93

Amendment of  article 15.

20 January 2006

To enable provision of reservation for other backward classes (O.B.C.) in government as well as private educational institutions

94

Amendment of  article 164.

12 June 2006

To provide for a Minister of Tribal Welfare in newly created Jharkand and Chattisgarh States

95

Amendment of  article 334. 

25 January 2010

To extent the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Sixty years to Seventy years

96

Amendment of  schedule 8.

23 September 2011

Substituted "Odia" for "Oriya"

109 Amendment - Article 334 of the Constitution, for the words “sixty years”, the words “seventy years” shall be substituted. This article has sought to extend the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies by another 10 years. The time period of 60 years under article 334 of the constitution was to lapse on January 25, 2010 and this bill extends the reservation beyond January 25, 2010. Current status : Passed and this is the Latest Passed Amendment of ment Act.

As of January 2012, there have been 115 Amendment of the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.



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